Resources for Prospective Students


The Department of Political Science offers graduate study leading to the Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science. The Ph.D. is earned through a combination of coursework and dissertation. The program is designed to provide students with both a general training in political science and the opportunity to specialize in their areas of interest. Our Department is one of the most highly rated Political Science departments in the United States. A University of Wisconsin-Madison Ph.D. is a qualification that has high standing.

The subfields of political science found in our department are American politicscomparative politicspolitical theory and philosophyinternational relations, and political methodology. The department has a national and international reputation for the high quality of its faculty and the diversity of their approaches and interests. It has long been recognized for an acceptance of varied approaches to the study of politics and for its collegiality. The Political Science Department shares faculty with the Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs, the Law School, and the Department of Gender and Women’s Studies. The presence of programs and centers such as the African Studies Program, the Center for European Studies, the Center for Jewish Studies, the Center for Russia, East Europe, and Central Asia (CREECA)Integrated Liberal Studies, the International Studies major (B.A. and B.S.), Latin American, Caribbean and Iberian Studies, and others is also beneficial to our graduate students, providing opportunities for the advancement of interdisciplinary approaches in student research.

Please note: the department admits students only for the Ph.D. program, but a master’s degree may be obtained en route to the Ph.D.

The Department of Political Science requires that all application materials be submitted electronically through the Graduate School’s online application. All application materials must be received no later than December 15 in the year prior to your planned enrollment into the program. Late applicants will not be considered for admission.

Please also review the Graduate School’s website Application Process at a Glance for an overview of the application process.

Admissions Requirements

The Graduate School sets the minimum admission requirements for all prospective graduate students.  The standards of the Department of Political Science are higher than the Graduate School minimum requirements. All elements of the application are reviewed holistically, but it may be useful to know that students admitted to our program in 2017 had the following average scores:

  • GPA of 3.8
  • TOEFL exam (if required) iBT score of 108.

Application Materials Checklist

  • Statement of Reasons for Graduate Study, including your field(s) of interest.
  • Curriculum vitae (c.v.) or resume to be uploaded into the application.
  • Three letters of recommendation, submitted electronically. The references identified in your online application will be sent a recommendation request by email. This email will include your name and a link to the electronic recommendation form. Contact your references in advance so that they can expect your request for recommendation. The request can be sent at any time providing you meet the December 15th deadline. You are able to change references or send a reminder through your application.
  • Complete the Supplemental Application section of the online application.
  • Writing sample and abstract to be uploaded into the application. Each applicant is required to submit either a research paper or thesis chapter that demonstrates your research, writing, and analytical abilities. The document should also include a research abstract of no more than 600 words (roughly one single-spaced page) that indicates the central question, arguments, data sources, methods, and conclusions of the research paper or thesis chapter being submitted.
  • Scanned copies of official transcripts or academic records from each institution attended to be uploaded into the application.
  • Documents should be issued by the school with the official seal/stamp and official signature. International academic records must be in the original language accompanied by an official English translation. See FAQs for additional details.
  • TOEFL scores (if required)

Please note: GRE scores are NOT REQUIRED for future application cycles.

All materials are submitted electronically through the Graduate School application. If you have questions about the application process please contact the Graduate Program Coordinator, Erin Pankow (

Built on an isthmus between lakes Monona and Mendota, Madison is renowned for its beautiful scenery. Urban culture, natural beauty, small-town charm – the greater Madison area offers it all.

Madison is a city of 200,000, with another 150,000 in the surrounding area. Madison also boasts one of the nation’s lowest unemployment rates. It includes a chain of lakes that provide both beauty and recreational opportunities. Both the Overture Center for the Arts and the university bring internationally famous performers to Madison in all types of music, ballet, theater, and performance art. The American Players’ theater at nearby Spring Green stages Shakespeare and other classic plays in a delightful open air setting during the summer, and Frank Lloyd Wright’s home and studio at Taliesin showcases this most important of American architects. The city also boasts the Madison Museum of Modern Art and the Chazen Museum of Art, both of which are free to students. The local Vilas Zoo is one of the largest free accredited zoos in the world.

Madison is not just a college town. As the state’s capital, Madison is a center of political activity. The international headquarters of several major corporations have a substantial impact on the local economy.

Although Madison offers many of the advantages of a major metropolitan area, it is small and compact enough to avoid the problems of large cities. Housing is comparatively inexpensive, the crime rate is relatively low, and you can live here easily without a car. There is a good bus system that graduate students may ride for free, and there is high-quality bus transit to Milwaukee and Chicago. The Dane County airport, about 10 minutes drive from campus, is served by multiple airlines.

When you want to forget about political science for an evening, there are many attractive alternatives within walking distance of North Hall. Most prominent is the Wisconsin Memorial Union, which has a resort-like waterfront with a wonderful view of Lake Mendota, a large selection of beers to sip while watching the sailboats on the water, and ice cream made by UW’s own Babcock Hall. If you grow tired of the Union, the shops, bars, restaurants, and cafes that line State Street should keep you entertained for quite a while; here the range is from grungy to epicurean. Just off State are more places to sample, and throughout Madison are numerous interesting neighborhoods, each with its own character.

When you want a break from the life of the mind, there is plenty to do for the life of the body. In the summer, there is Hoofers, the UW outing club located at the Union that rents everything from volleyballs to sailboats. They also organize a huge number of sports instruction classes and activities. There are many miles of biking and running trails throughout town, including both the campus area and the University Arboretum, which offers over 20 miles of trails in its 1,000 acres. In both winter and summer, several major University athletic facilities are open to students. These include two fully equipped free gyms with facilities for swimming, circuit training, weight rooms, indoor track, indoor basketball, volleyball, and badminton. The Nielsen facility also provides indoor tennis, squash and racquetball courts. For those who want to brave the elements, cross-country skiing is a favorite, and there is always ice boating, ice skating, and ice fishing. Madison has many public golf courses which hibernate in winter under miles of groomed ski trails.

When is the application deadline?
The application deadline is December 15. This date is our departmental deadline to receive all materials requested in the Graduate School’s online application and the Political Science Supplemental Application. Documents arriving past the deadline may cause your application not to be reviewed. We do not admit for the Spring term.

Are GRE scores required?
GRE scores are not required.

Can the application fee be waived?
The Graduate School offers admissions fee grants for low-income students and those who participate in selected pipeline programs designed to prepare students for graduate studies (e.g., McNair Scholars and SROP participants at Big-1o institutions). As part of its commitment to the diversity of the graduate program, the Political Science department also provides admission fee grants for participants in APSA’s Ralph Bunche Summer Institute and Minority Student Recruitment Program, among other disciplinary pipeline programs. For details and to request the fee grant, contact the Graduate Program Coordinator.

What do I need to know about the application process?
No part of the application should be mailed; everything, including transcripts, should be submitted electronically. When you submit your application, you are simultaneously applying to the Graduate School and the Department; each having specific admission criteria. The Department’s standards are typically more stringent. When completing the online application, you will notice two submission buttons:one for the Graduate School and one for the Political Science Supplemental Application. You will be uploading your statement of purpose, writing sample, and scanned copies of official transcripts. Following all steps ensures that both units receive what is needed to process your application.

Is a resume or C.V. required? 
Yes. Either a resume or a curriculum vitae (C.V.) are required as part of your application to our Ph.D. program.

How long should the statement of purpose be? 
The statement of purpose should be no longer than two pages, single-spaced.

What should go into my statement of purpose?
There is no required or standard content for this statement. An internet search for “graduate application statement or purpose” will return a number of links with tips for completing this crucial piece of your application. The statement should address why you wish to study Political Science. Why at Wisconsin? Do you see your research interests as well-defined or fairly open at this point. Based on your knowledge and thinking now, what research problem(s) would you hope to pursue while here? Ask a peer or professor to review your statement for you.

May I submit more than three letters of recommendation? 
Yes, you may.

Can I use Interfolio or a different dossier service to submit my letters of recommendation? 
Yes, you may use a dossier service such as Interfolio to send your letters of recommendation. The dossier service will provide instruction on how to use their service.

Are all international students required to take the TOEFL exam?
Every applicant whose native language is not English, or whose undergraduate instruction was not in English, must provide an English proficiency test score by taking the TOEFL exam. The department’s minimum requirement is a score of 100 (the average score in 2017 was 108). This is higher than the Graduate School’s minimum requirement. If the exam score is submitted more than two years prior to the start of your admission term, it is no longer valid and the exam must be retaken. See the Graduate School policy for more information.

May I substitute the IELTS or the MELAB for the TOEFL exam?
No. Scores from the IELTS or the MELAB may not be substituted for the TOEFL.

As an international student, do I need to send financial documentation with my application?
No, do not send financial information documentation until you are asked to do so. If you are recommended for admission by the Department of Political Science, the Graduate School will contact you about submitting needed financial documentation. It is important to keep the original email sent from the Graduate School after you submit your application so you can access the My-UW portal to check for any updates or questions.

As an international student, how much will it cost me to attend UW-Madison? 
Expenses at UW-Madison will vary among students. International Student Services provides a budget that will help you plan.

How do I apply for funding?
There are no additional materials needed to request funding. We consider all applicants for multi-year guaranteed funding packages. Decisions about funding are typically made by mid-March. These funding guarantees are most commonly in the form of teaching assistantships and are guaranteed at a level such that students are eligible for health insurance and tuition remission.

What should I know about the writing sample requirement? 
Provide a sample that you believe represents your best work and demonstrates how you write and think, keeping in mind that it will be read by political scientists. We are flexible about what to submit, other than it needs to be in English. For application purposes, upload your writing sample to the Political Science Supplemental Application section of the Graduate School electronic application. We will not accept any writing samples submitted via email or on paper.

How do I check the status of my application? 
After you have submitted the online application, you will receive an email containing a unique URL and campus ID number to track the progress of your application, receipt of fee and test scores.

The Department of Political Science as UW-Madison receives about 300 applications annually. Each application is manually reviewed to verify all materials properly made it through the electronic transmittal process. This can take some time. The best way to check your application status is through the online system described above.

Can I transfer credits that I’ve taken in another graduate program?
The Graduate School’s minimum credit requirement can be satisfied only with courses taken as a graduate student at UW-Madison. Courses from a master’s degree from another institution may, at the discretion of the associate chair, be used to satisfy the department’s minor requirement.

If I already have a master’s degree, do I have to complete another one? 
Yes, you will earn an additional master’s degree as you pursue your Ph.D.

Is there a separate program for those who want to just earn a master’s degree? 
No, we only admit to the doctoral program.

Do I need an undergraduate degree in political science to be considered for admissions?
No. While a bachelor’s degree from an accredited U.S. institution or a comparable degree from an international institution is one of the requirements to apply to our graduate program, we regularly admit students who have completed an undergraduate degree in other disciplines. For specific information on what is consider a comparable degree from an international institution please refer to the Graduate School Admission Requirements page.

How long does it take to earn a Ph.D.?

For detailed program data, please click here.

If your question is not answered here, please email Graduate Program Coordinator, Erin Pankow (

The Political Science Department and Law School at the University of Wisconsin-Madison invite students to enroll in a Dual-Degree Program (“the Program”) whereby students can earn both a PhD and a JD with a course of study and writing requiring approximately seven years to complete.

The Program involves meeting the individual requirements for each of the two degrees, but also allows work taken in Political Science to count toward the JD program and the JD program to fulfill some requirements of the PhD program.

I. Admission

Students in the Program must be admitted independently by the Political Science Department and the Law School, each of which will use their normal admissions criteria and procedures. Students need not be admitted to the Law School and Political Science Department simultaneously, although concurrent admission will be the normal procedure. Students interested in joining the Program are strongly encouraged to discuss their individual plans and goals with a member of the Advisory Committee before applying and to maintain contact during the application process.

II. Course of Study

This course of study is flexible, permitting a student, in consultation with their faculty advisors, to develop a personalized program meeting the student’s individual educational needs. Under this course, a student is encouraged or expected to undertake specified actions but may decline to do so if the student’s advisors approve of the decision. Program rules are stated in the absolute. Students may seek waiver of these rules as well as the general rules of the Law School or Political Science Department by following the normal procedures for those entities. All law students may petition the faculty Petitions Committee from relief from law school rules. When students plan their 75 law credits, they must keep in mind that the course requirements for students seeking only the J.D. degree are different from the course requirements for those seeking the J.D. degree with “diploma privilege” (admission to the State Bar of Wisconsin without taking the state bar examination).

A. General Rules

All students in the Program must participate in activities of the Institute of Legal Studies at the Law School, including scheduled lectures, seminars, and fellows’ workshops throughout their residency in Madison.

During the first three years, students must complete one full academic year of study in the Law School and two full academic years of study in the Political Science Department. The normal sequence is described below.

1. First Year in Political Science Department (Year 1)

A student’s first-year program must be approved by their advisors. During the first year in the Political Science Department, a student is expected to take courses only in the Political Science Department, including Political Science 800. During the second semester of the first year in the Political Science Department, a student may take law-related course outside the Law School (including courses cross-listed with the Law School).

2. First Year in Law School (Year 2)

The first year of the Law School’s curriculum has little flexibility. During the second semester, students may choose from a designated set of electives, and students in the dual-degree program should, if possible, choose an elective that maximizes the students’ educational progress in both programs. For example, a dual degree student might take a Political Science course during the second semester in place of one of the designated set of electives. Students who opt to substitute a Political Science course for a second-semester elective may need to take the missed elective in their third year to conform with the Law School’s requirement that the first year curriculum be completed within two years from matriculation in law school.

3. Second Year in Political Science Department (Year 3)

Year 3 will focus on the course work necessary to complete preparation for the preliminary examinations in Political Science. Students in the Program will normally complete these examinations during the winter break of the fourth year.

In January of Year 4, students must complete the standard Political Science Department preliminary examinations in a first and second field (drawn from among American politics, comparative politics, international relations, political theory, and methodology). Students must meet the requirements of any of these fields they choose, including methods requirements. Dual degree students will normally have American politics as one of their fields, and include within that area one subfield that is law-related (most often, law and judicial process, but also possibly subfields such as policy or national institutions). Students who have another field as their primary field should have one subfield within that field be law-related. This deadline may be extended according to standard Political Science Department policies for students who undertake extensive foreign language or political methodology study (when methods is not one of the student’s fields).

4. Year 4 and thereafter

After the successful completion of the preliminary examinations, the student will complete additional coursework in political science in preparation for the dissertation research, and complete the law school curriculum for the JD. The student’s advisors will work with the student and the Law School administration to ensure as much of the Political Science course work as possible counts toward the Law degree; final determination of what does count will be decided by the Law School. The coursework in the Law School will fulfill the Graduate School’s PhD minor requirement.

A graduate student may receive up to 15, but not more than 15, advanced standing credits for courses in the Political Science Department and other University of Wisconsin departments to apply toward the JD degree under Law School Rule 3.16 or its successor. These credits will not be credited toward the JD until the student has successfully completed the preliminary examinations. As provided by this Rule, a student may receive advanced standing credits for courses taken before or after the student completed the master’s degree. Courses offered for advanced standing must be relevant to interdisciplinary legal studies but need not specifically have a law or Political Science content. Reading, research, or dissertation credits are eligible for advanced standing credits.

Note: Rule 3.16 permits a student in a dual program in law and other graduate fields to receive up to 15 advanced standing credits under certain conditions. These conditions include that the courses be of substantial relevance to the legal aspects of the student’s dual program and taken under a plan approved by the student’s law school faculty advisor. The credits will not be accepted by the Law School until the students has been formally admitted to the PhD program. See also section C.3 of this program statement.

A student may participate in all activities available to law students following the normal rules. These activities include, but are not limited to, participation in a law journal, moot court, clinical programs, study abroad, and directed reading, or research. However, because students in the Program already have 15 credits of electives waived under paragraph (5), if they wish to take advantage of the “diploma privilege,” their ability to pursue the electives just mentioned will be limited.

Political Science requires that students complete a research paper by the end of the second year and give an oral presentation of a research paper during the first semester of year 3; students in the dual degree program will normally complete these requirements at the end of the third year and during the first semester of year 4, respectively.

5. “Normal Progress” Requirements in Political Science

Only students making “normal progress” are considered for financial aid or are nominated for fellowships and awards. Students not making normal progress may be dropped from the program. In general, to make normal progress through the dual degree program you need to:

i) meet with your advisor to discuss your First-Year Assessment and submit the First-Year Assessment form

ii) take an appropriate course load and achieve satisfactory average grades (B or better). If you are not a TA or PA you should be taking a minimum of three courses (9 credits) a semester; most students in this situation take four courses. If you are a TA or PA you may take a minimum of two courses (six credits); most students in this situation take three courses. You should take as many as courses as possible at the graduate level (courses numbered 700 and above).

iii) take and pass the two general prelims before the end of the eighth semester. Students requiring extensive language or methodological training may be granted an extension, as determined by the associate chair. Three or more courses in foreign language or statistics (not including the required research design course or the required additional three methods credits) constitute extensive training and qualify a student for this extension of normal progress. If a student takes the Methods prelim, methods courses are considered part of general prelim preparation and do not qualify him/her for an extra semester.

iv) submit and defend an acceptable dissertation proposal by the beginning of the ninth semester. Before the proposal may be defended, the student must have satisfied the Graduate School’s requirement for the minor, cleared all incompletes, fulfilled the Department’s methods requirements, and fulfilled any field-specific requirements.

v) complete the dissertation in a reasonable time after prelims and the proposal.

B. Financial Support

Students admitted to the program will be guaranteed five years of financial support from the Political Science department; however, Political Science Department funding may not be used during the first year of law school study. Outstanding students admitted to the dual degree program will be eligible for possible scholarship funding for one year from the Law School, as part of the Law School’s normal merit-based financial aid program, to assist during year 2 of the overall program. While neither Law nor Political Science is able to guarantee funding beyond year 6, the high demand for teaching assistantships and empirical research skills related to law make it highly likely that funding will be possible for these years.

C. Students Entering the Law School and Political Science Department at Different Times

1. A student entering the Law School and Political Science Department at different times must comply with and may take advantage of the general rules described above except as otherwise provided in this section.

2. The Advisory Committee may approve waivers of the rules regarding the first two years of the program.

3. Law School Rule 3.16(7)(a)(2) authorizes advance standing credits for graduate work done prior to students becoming dual degree candidates. Under Rule 3.16(7)(a), a student may receive advanced standing credit when they have successfully completed the first year of Law School, has been formally admitted to the Ph.D. portion of a graduate program, has a Law School faculty advisor, and if the course work was of substantial relevance to the legal aspects of the student’s dual program and has been approved as such by the student’s law school faculty advisor. As noted in A.4 above, a maximum of 15 advanced standing credits will be granted for graduate work taken at the University of Wisconsin. The student may not receive advanced standing credits for course work taken at institutions other than the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Credits are granted upon approval of a petition to the Law School’s Petition Committee with the written support of the Dean or the Dean’s designee and the student’s law school faculty advisor.


Note: While students in dual JD-Masters programs may not use masters credits for advanced standing if the masters has been completed before entering law school, that rule does not apply to JD-PhD students.

III. Administrative Provisions

A. Each student must have a faculty advisor in the Law School and the Political Science Department. A single member of the faculty who has a dual tenure or tenure-track appointment in the Law School and Political Science Department may serve both functions. If the student has separate advisors, the advisors shall coordinate their advice.

B. Although a student may take courses exclusively in the Law School or the Political Science Department in any given semester, the student shall be considered a “continuing student” in both programs. Hence, it is not necessary for the student to take a leave of absence or make a request for re-entry, as long as they are enrolled in courses in one of the two departments.

C. The Law School and the Political Science Department will work together to develop a method of identifying dual-degree candidates, coordinating information about admission to the programs, etc. When it is determined that a student is admitted to both programs and that matriculation in one will be deferred, the Admissions Committee of the deferred program will be notified. However, the affected student is strongly encouraged to check with a member of the Advisory Committee to confirm that all necessary procedures have been completed.

D. The Advisory Committee shall take responsibility for seeing that the student’s program is well integrated and pedagogically sound.

E. A student shall be graded under the respective grading systems and criteria for permitting students to continue in the degree programs that the Law School and Political Science Department normally use.

F. Tuition and fees for most semesters will be billed according to a combined fee schedule set by the UW Registrar’s Office.

IV. Advisory Committee

The Program shall have a Law and Political Science Dual Degree Advisory Committee composed of two faculty members and one student in the Program (when there are advanced students in the Program). The Dean of the Law School and the Chair of the Political Science Department shall each appoint at least one member of the Advisory Committee, and the faculty members will jointly select one student to serve on the Committee. In addition, the Law School’s faculty coordinator of dual-degree programs shall be an ex officio member of the Advisory Committee. The Advisory Committee shall develop policies governing the Program. If experience with the Program reveals any problems requiring rule changes, the Committee shall make appropriate proposals. These proposals require the approval of the Law School and the Associate Chair of Political Science; major changes require the approval of the Political Science Graduate Program Committee and the department faculty.

Students can contact the Graduate Program Coordinator for a list of the current members of the Advisory Committee.

We guarantee five years of funding for every admitted student. This support may come as a combination fellowships, teaching assistantships (TA), project assistantships (PA), or lectureship for one of our undergraduate courses. Our funding package includes a stipend, tuition, and excellent healthcare coverage.

Teaching assistant (TA) duties vary from course to course, but they generally involve attending lectures, leading discussion sections, meeting with students outside of class, and grading class assignments and examinations. Project assistant (PA) positions give you a chance to work closely with a faculty member on his or her research. Your duties would depend on the nature of the specific research project, but we try to match incoming students with faculty working in their areas of interest. All appointments include two valuable benefits. First, you qualify for complete remission of the cost of tuition. Second, you receive a fringe benefit package that includes single or family health care coverage at little cost.

Students are also eligible for a number of internal awards in the department and at the university. These include awards through the Department’s Summer Initiative, which supports research and training during the summer; the Graduate School, which supports research and conference travel; a number of area and thematic research centers on campus; the Election Research Center, which supports research on elections; and a variety of other sources.

See here for a partial list: Research Funding Page

As part of our commitment to your success as a scholar, the department provides a number of complementary mentoring structures to support you in your first year and beyond.

  • First year advisors: All first year students are matched with a faculty member who serves as their first year advisor. This is your first point of contact for questions regarding courses, requirements, and anything else that comes up during your first year. Although your first year advisor is likely to be someone whose interests align with yours, you may switch your advisor at any time.
  • Peer mentorship program: During your first year you will also be matched with a more advanced graduate student who will serve as your peer mentor. You can ask them all those questions you don’t want to ask the faculty. For information about the qualities of a good mentor see here.
  • Semi-annual meeting requirement: What you need from an advisor will change at different stages of the program. To ensure that you are getting the advising you need, mentors and mentees are required to meet at least once each semester (virtually or in person). For a list of topics to be discussed, see the Advisor-Advisee Meeting Guidelines.
  • Graduate Program Coordinator: The graduate program coordinator is your source for all administrative questions. If your question begins “How do I…?” start with the Graduate Program Coordinator.
  • Director of Graduate Studies: The Director of Graduate Studies oversees the graduate program from admissions to placement.

Diversity is a source of strength, creativity, and innovation for the department of political science at UW-Madison. We value the contributions of each person and respect the profound ways their identity, culture, background, experience, status, abilities, and opinion enrich the university community. We commit ourselves to the pursuit of excellence in teaching, research, outreach, and diversity as inextricably linked goals.

The political science department fulfills its public mission by creating a welcoming and inclusive community for people from every background — people who as students, faculty, and staff serve Wisconsin and the world. We commit ourselves to maintain a welcoming and inclusive environment in our learning spaces and workspaces.

As part of that commitment, we encourage members of historically under-represented groups, including women, racial and ethnic minorities, and first-generation college students to apply. Fellowships are available to assist minority applicants, as well as those from any background that might have made educational achievement more difficult. The Graduate School offers admissions fee grants for low-income students and those who participate in selected pipeline programs designed to prepare students for graduate studies (e.g., McNair Scholars and SROP participants). As part of its commitment to the diversity of the graduate program, the Political Science department also provides admission fee grants for participants in APSA’s Ralph Bunche Summer Institute and Minority Student Recruitment Program. For details and to request the fee grant, contact the Director of Graduate Studies.

Our department is an active member of APSA’s Minority Student Recruitment Program. To enhance the diversity and inclusiveness of its graduate program (and of the discipline as a whole), the department hosts an annual Diversity Recruitment Conference for undergraduates from underrepresented backgrounds with the interest and ability to pursue graduate study in political science. Unfortunately, last year’s conference was cancelled due to the pandemic. We hope to resume our outreach and recruitment efforts as soon as we can.

We strive to create a climate where every student can feel supported and thrive regardless of their background. There are a number of initiatives on campus that help foster this environment at UW, including the Office of Diversity, Inclusion, and Funding and First Generation Student Success network. These programs are part of the way we show that we value diversity together with colleagues across the University.